Non-practitioners of Taekwon-Do are inclined to believe that Taekwon-Do
consists of "fancy" kicking techniques. This thought is incorrect. Although
Taekwon-Do gained popularity as a sport it continues to practice and
develop the Korean Art of Self Defence. Self defense is, when facing an
opponent the skill to control the enemy and the use of techniques to protect
The term "Ho Sin" , means to "defend yourself", and "Sul" (sometimes spelled
in English as 'Sool') means "techniques of".
Hosinsul consists of practical solutions to different self-defence situations.
Hosinsul training increases the students' ability to control the opponent
without permanent harm, for instance by locking techniques. Both moral and
legal principles stress the importance of hosinsul training.
The basic preconditions for realistic hosinsul are the following: 1) A reaction
that is correct and fast enough, 2) a balance that enables the use of
taekwon-do techniques, and 3) simple, automatic and effective movements.
|Hosinsul: Ho is to protect; Shin the body; Sul
technique or technology. Hoshinsul is the
self-defense technology that is part of certain
systems of Taekwondo.
|Special Thanks to all who have donated their time, recommendations and material to help
make this site the best website source on the Chang Huhn Patterns.
What should be included in a Self-Defense program?
This question is very difficult to answer now days due to a variety of reasons. We have the current MMA, Caged Fighting, Krav Maga
and other systems of Self Defense that both trained and untrained people are starting to get into. Also, we have to ask the question, do
we train civilians the same way we teach our police and military? There should be an obvious difference in training between civilians
and military/police personnel. With all that aside, how we train depends also on our own abilities, knowledge of our enemy and other
factors. We commonly see in the dojang that many instructors teach folks to defend themselves from someone trying to hurt them in
the street, parking lot or alley. So, what would a good self defense program include?
With the “average” person on the street no longer being so average due to Ultimate Fighting Championships, boxing on TV, ability to
conceal pocket knives and more it’s harder today than it was in the earlier days to defend against the so called “average” person. I can
recall training at different schools and in different systems of martial arts and hear the instructor talk about this “average” person on the
street. Each and every time this person is supposedly stupid and doesn’t have much training. Also this person is tattooed, ugly, mean
and stands out in a crowd so to speak. Teaching students that the “average” person is stupid and untrained will ultimately be both the
instructor’s and student’s downfall. An instructor should train their students as if they are defending themselves against someone who’
s just as good, if not better than they are. If you do this it will help awaken their sense of awareness, alertness and responsiveness.
A few pointers to keep in mind in a self defense program should include the following:
Students should learn to defend themselves from 5 ranges of combat: Weapons, Kicking, Punching, Grabbing/trapping and Ground.
Not every student will become experts at all ranges immediately, but having some basic foundation in all will increase their ability to
Keeping fit to fight is another good concept. If your attacker can only run 1 mile and you can run 2 then maybe you can defend
yourself by running away from your attacker.
Color Codes of Awareness: Ensure you are aware of your surroundings. You can defend against a threat if you don’t see it coming.
Taking a moment to locate exits, windows, pay phones, bouncers, police, crowds of people that look like trouble and etc could help
you in a self defense situation.
From a training syllabus stand point I recommend students to train in the following:
Striking using every natural weapon God gave you to include hands, elbows, knees, feet, forehead, finger nails, teeth and whatever else
you are willing to use or sacrifice for your survival.
Become familiar with Dodging techniques: Shifting, Stepping, Turning, Dropping, Jumping, Foot/leg Lifting and etc.
Being able to control, detain and take down your opponent is important as well (Throws, wrist/elbow locks, Foot Tackling/sweeping
and etc). Sometimes, punching and kicking isn’t the answer.
Sometimes trouble comes in pairs. Try to include self defense against multiple opponents.
Become familiar with the Use of Force Model.
Learn to use your environment. Use man made items as weapons and use good judgment. You wouldn’t utilize a reverse turning kick
to someone’s head if you were standing on ice in Montana. In that case, your environment has changed how you defend yourself.
Most importantly, train under a certified instructor or someone with REAL WORLD experience in the field of self defense.
Hopefully, your instructor already trains you on all these pointers and then some. If not, hopefully I might have given you something
to work with or think about in YOUR self defense program/training.
By: Mr. Michael Munyon
ITF, USITF Armed Forces Director, USKMAF
|Defense Against A Wrist Grab
Self-defense is usually the basis for beginning to train in Taekwon-Do or other martial arts. This
idea eventually loses its importance as other aspects of the art are experienced.
Although self-defense (Hosinsul) still finds its place, it is used as a vehicle to improve the
practitioner’s technique. The practicing of a technique and the understanding of self and others are
the basic ingredients of a good self-defense. There is no self-defense technique that is easily
An important aspect is learning one´s body and working with it. Regular training will improve self-
confidence and awareness. Afterwards, techniques learned in training are applied to your self-
defense and practiced with a partner.
Most techniques learned in Taekwon-Do deal with defending against an attack and counter
attacking. To make these techniques spontaneous and effective requires regular training. Only
then, the best techniques usually only work when practiced to the point of executing the technique
without thought. Consequently, in testing and demonstrations technical precision is necessary.
Avoiding conflicts overall is the best self-defense. However when one is forced to defend
themselves, react rapidly and with awareness. There is no time for thought and experimentation.
Keep in mind the following principles.
1. In serious situations effective technique counts. A colorful looking technique won´t help.
2. Use the minimum force necessary to produce the maximum result.
3. One should know the vital points of the human body and the techniques relevant to them.