천지 Chon-Ji (19 movements)
CHON- JI means literally " the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the
world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This
pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
단군 Dan-Gun (21 movements)
DAN-GUN is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.
도산 Do-San (24 movements)
Do-San is a pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-ho. The 24 movements represent his entire life, which
he devoted to furthering education in Korea and the Korean independence movement.
원효 Won-Hyo (28 movements)
It is named after the noted monk Won-hyo who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686
율곡 Yul-Gok (38 movements)
Yul-Gok is a pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea".
The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38-degree latitude and the diagram of the
pattern represents scholar.
중근 Joong-Gun (32 movements)
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hirobumi Itō, the first Japanese
governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger.
There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung
Prison in 1910.
퇴계 Toi-Gye (37 movements)
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16 century AD), an authority on neo-
Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37-degree latitude, the diagram
화랑 Hwa-Rang (29 movements)
HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early
7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into
충무 Choong-Moo (30 movements)
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to
have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor the
present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his
regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced
reservation of his loyalty to the King.
System of Rank
In Taekwon-Do, character development, fortitude, tenacity, and technique are graded as well as individual capacity.
The promotional scale is divided into nineteen ranks - 10 grades (Gups) and nine degrees (Dans). The former begins
with 10th grade (Gup) the lowest and ends at the first grade. Degrees begin with the first degree (Dan) and end with
the ultimate, ninth degree.
There is, of course, a certain significance in the numbering system. With degree, the number 9 is not only the highest
one among one digit number but also is the number of 3 multiplied by 3. In the Orient, three is the most esteemed of
all the numbers. The Chinese character representing three is written: The upper line symbolizes the heaven; the
middle line, mortals; and the bottom line, earth.
It was believed that the individual who was successful in promoting his country, fellowmen and God, and able to reach
an accord with all three would aspire to become King, which was written thusly:. The Chinese character for three and
King are nearly synonymous. When the number three is multiplied by itself, the equation is nine, the highest of the
high; therefore, ninth degree is the highest of the high ranking belts.
It is also interesting to note that when the numeral 9 is multiplied by any other single digit number and the resultant
figures are added together, the answer always equals 9, i.e. 9 x 1= 9; 9 x 2 = 18, 1 + 8 = 9 and so on up to 9 x 9 = 81,
8 + 1 = 9. Since this is only single digit number having this property, it again points to the number 9 as being the most
positive of figures.
Taking the use of the number three one step further, the degrees are further divided into three distinct classes. First
through third degree is considered the novice stages of black belt. Students are still merely beginners in comparison
to the higher degrees. At fourth degree, the student crosses the threshold of puberty and enters the expert class.
Seventh through ninth is composed of Taekwon-Do masters - the elite who fully understand all the particulars of
Taekwon-Do, mental and physical.
There is perhaps one question that remains; why begin with the lowest of the two digit numbers, "10" why not begin
with the lowest one digit number and proceed from first grade to ninth grade, and then begin again for degrees?
Though it would certainly be more logical, the 10 to 1 and 1 to 10 numerical system in the Orient is ageless. It would
be impossible, if not even a bit impertinent, to attempt to change a practice that is even carried into children's games.
Perhaps there was an initial logical reason for it; however, it seems to have been lost in antiquity. Anyhow, the
number "10" is the lowest existing two digit number; consequently, a beginner must start at this rather than 11 or 12
which are numerically higher.
|Special Thanks to all who have donated their time, recommendations and material to help
make this site the best website source on the Chang Huhn Patterns.
|PATTERN DIAGRAM DIRECTIONS
|Here I leave Taekwon-Do for mankind as a trace of
man of the late 20th century". The 24 patterns
represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life.
General Choi Hong Hi
General Choi Hong Hi