광개 Kwang-Gae / Gwang-Gae (39 movements)
KWANG-GAE is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the
Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of
Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39
movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A. D., the year he came to the throne.

포은 Po-Eun (36 movements)
PO-EUN is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous
poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a
hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics.
The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the
Koryo Dynasty.

계백 Gae-Baek / Gye-Baek (44 movements)

GAE-BAEK is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The
diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

EUI-AM (Movements - 45)

EUI- AM is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement
on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong
Hak (Oriental culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly way religion) in 1905. The diagram
represents his Indomitable Spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of
his nation.

충장 Choong-Jang / Chung-Jang (52 movements)

CHOONG-JANG is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the
Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the
tragedy of
his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

JUCHE (Movements - 45)

JUCHE is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything.
In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said
that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean
people. The diagram represents Baekdu mountain.

고당 Ko-Dang / Go-Dang (39 movements)

Pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Shik, who dedicated his life to the Korean
Independence Movement and to the education of his people.

Kodang (Movements - 45) (ITF-CHOI)

Kodang is the Pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Shik, who dedicated his life to the
Korean Independence Movement and to the education of his people.The 45 movements
represent the last two figures of 1945, the year Korea was liberated from Japanese

삼일 Sam-Il (33 movements)

SAM-IL denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began
throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33
patriots who planned the movement.

YOO-SIN (Movements - 68)

YOO-SIN is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla   
Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was
united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side,
symbolizing Yoo-Sin's mistake of following his Kings' orders to fight with foreign forces
against his own nation.

최영 Choi-Yong  (46 movements)

CHOI-YONG is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the
armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for
his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders
headed   by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty.

YONG-GAE (Movements - 49)

YONG-GAE is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae
Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the
Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

을지 Ul-Ji / Eul-Ji (42 movements)

UL- JI is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a
Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji
employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force.
The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author's age when
he designed the pattern.

MOON-MOO (Movements - 61)

Moon-Moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang
Am (Great King's Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "where my
soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am
(Stone cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of
the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.
D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

SO-SAN (Movements - 72)

SO-SAN is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee
Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers
with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myunh Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the
Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

세종 Se-Jong (24 movements)

SE-JONG is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean
alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The digram represents the king,
while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

통일 Tong-Il (56 movements)

TONG-IL denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since  
1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race.
The core of skill is change,
the essence of which is
Continuous motion
flowing like water according to the true and false.
Full when close empty when far
My distance slides farther from my opponent,
Full when up, empty when down
My tide flows downwards,
And full when right, empty when left
My balance leans to that empty spot.
And then if I erase the wave patterns of change,
every flow arrives
at the sea of nihility and scatters.
The remainder is endless completion
neither finished nor unfinished.
It belongs to each.

Lee, Chang Hoo
Special Thanks to all who have donated their time, recommendations and material to help
make this site the best website source on the Chang Huhn Patterns.
Dear Taekwon-Do

Please be advised that
effective immediately,
the tul of "Juche" will be
known as it was
originally created by our
founder General Choi
Hong Hi as "Kodang".

Taekwon-Do, the Korean
martial art was created
by our founder to be
free of religious and
political ideologies. It
was General Choi's wish
to leave Taekwon-Do to
humanity, free of any
influence from religion,
government and political
influence accordingly, it
was decided to revert
the name to the original
name chosen by General

As we make this change,
the ITF reaffirms its
desire to remain
independent and true to
the teachings of our

ITF Administration
Black Belt Patterns