|Munmu of Silla (reigned 661–681) was the thirtieth king of the Korean kingdom of Silla. He is usually considered to have been the first ruler of the Unified Silla
period. Munmu was the son of King Muyeol and Munmyeong, who was the elder sister of Kim Yu-shin. Under his father's reign, he held the office of
pajinchan, who apparently was responsible for maritime affairs, and played a key role in developing the country's diplomatic links with Tang. He was born
Prince Beommin (법민;/法敏), and took the name Munmu when he succeeded his father to the throne.
Munmu took the throne in the midst of the long conflict against Baekje and Goguryeo, shortly after General Ge-Baek and Baekje had been defeated at Sabi
by General Kim Yu-shin. In these struggles, Silla was heavily aided by Tang. The first years of his reign were spent trying to defeat Goguryeo, following an
abortive attempt in 661. Finally, in 667, he ordered another attack which led, in 668, to the defeat of Goguryeo. After the small isolated pockets of resistance
were eliminated, Munmu was the first ruler ever to see the Korean peninsula completely unified.
Munmu then faced the challenge of freeing his country from Tang domination. After the fall of Goguryeo Tang created the Protectorate General to Pacify the
East and placed the entire Korean peninsula, including Silla, under its rule. To prevent this, Munmu forged alliances with Goguryeo resistance leaders such
as Geom Mojam and Anseung, and launched a frontal attack on the Tang forces occupying the former Baekje territory. The struggle lasted through the early
670s, but by 676 the Tang forces had been expelled from the peninsula. This victory, and the maintenance of Silla independence, is generally regarded as a
critical turning-point in Korean history.
Munmu ruled over unified Silla for twenty years, until he fell ill in 681. On his deathbed, he left his last will and testament, and abdicated to his son, Prince
Sinmun. Before he died he said: "A country should not be without a king at any time. Let the Prince have my crown before he has my coffin. Cremate my
remains and scatter the ashes in the sea where the whales live. I will become a dragon and thwart the Japanese invasion." King Sinmun did as his father
asked, and scattered his ashes over Daewangam (the Rock of the Great King), a small rocky islet a hundred metres or so off the Korean coast. Moreover,
King Sinmun built the Gomun Temple (the Temple of Appreciated Blessing) and dedicated it to his father, he built a waterway for the sea dragon to come to
and from the sea and land, and he built a pavilion, Eegun, overlooking the islet so that future kings could pay their respects to the great King Munmu.
In a dream, King Munmu and the famous general Kim Yu-shin appeared to King Sinmun and said to him: "Blowing on a bamboo flute will calm the heavens
and the earth." King Sinmun awoke from the dream, rode out to the sea and received the bamboo flute Monposikjuk. It was said that the blowing of the
bamboo flute invoked the spirits of King Munmu and General Kim Yu-shin and would push back enemy troops, cure illnesses, bring rain during drought and
halt the rains in floods.
|Movements - 61
Ready Posture - PARALLEL READY STANCE
Moon-Moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body
was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King's Rock). According
to his will, the body was placed in the sea "where my soul
shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said
that the Sok Gul Am (Stone cave) was built to guard his tomb.
The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla
Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last
two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.