Movements - 24

DO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) The 24
movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering
the education of Korea and its independence movement.
An Chang-ho, or Ahn Chang-ho, pen name Dosan, (November 9, 1878 - March 10, 1938) was a Korean
independence activist and one of the early leaders of the Korean-American immigrant community in the
United States. He established the Young Korean Association (흥사단; 興士團) and was a key member in the
founding of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in Shanghai. He was also the father of
Hollywood actor Philip Ahn.

Early Years
Ahn was born in 1878 in Kangso, Pyeongan province, in present-day South Pyongan, North Korea. In 1896,
Ahn moved to Seoul,and attended Gusae Hakdang, a missionary-sponsored school, and converted to
Christianity over a period of four years.

Immigration to America and Later Years
In 1902, Ahn came to San Francisco with his wife Helen in order to get a better education. While living in
California, he witnessed two Koreans fighting in the streets over sales turf. Ahn was apparently upset by
this display of incivility among his countrymen overseas, and he began to invest time into reforming the
local Korean diaspora, rising to become one of the first leaders of the Korean-American community.[1] He
founded the Friendship Society in 1903, the first Korean organization in the continental United States. In
1906, he established the Mutual Assistance Society (MAS). MAS would eventually merge with the United
Korean Society in Hawaii to become the Korean National Association (대한인국민회; 大韓人國民會), the official
agent of Koreans in the United States until the end of World War II.[2]

Many consider Ahn Chang-ho to be one of the key moral and philosophical leaders of Korea during the
20th century. In the turmoil immediately before and during the Japanese occupation of Korea, he called for
the moral and spiritual renewal of the Korean people through education as one of the important
components in their struggle for independence.

In 1938, Japanese authorities arrested Ahn, but due to severe illness, he was released on bail and
transferred to the Kyungsung University hospital where he died on March 10, 1938. A memorial park and
hall were built to honor him in Seoul. Another memorial was built in downtown Riverside, California to
honor him. The Taekwondo pattern Do-San was named after him.
Rare International Tae Kwon-Do (ITF) video produced with the
GENERAL CHOI on North Korea, you can see Grand Master Park Jung
Tae, Grand Master Choi Jung Wha and other masters of the ITF
performing tuls and explaining the movements of each tul.
Dan-Gun, Do-San, Won-Hyo and Yul-Gok